Research over the past 20 years has shown that plant communities with greater diversity maintain higher productivity, greater stability and support more diverse arthropod assemblages. More recently, several experiments have shown that interspecific diversity (namely genotypic differences) also affects community functioning. Pollination is often considered an essential function, and does plant genotypic diversity affect pollinator diversity and frequency?
In a recent paper in PLoS ONE, Genung and colleagues test whether plant genotypic diversity affects pollinator visits. They use an experimental system set-up by Greg Crutsinger that combines multiple genotypes of the goldenrod, Solidago altissima, and record pollinator visits over two years. Experimental plots contained 1, 3, 6, or 12 genotypes of S. altissima. After accounting for differences in abundance, Genung et al. show that as genotypic diversity increases, both pollinator richness and number of visits to the plot significantly increase. This increase is greater than expectations of randomly simulated assemblages combining proportional pollinator visits from monocultures.
The previous research at the species-level has made a persuasive rationale to protect species diversity in order to maintain ecosystem functioning. Now, research like this is making a case that there are consequences for not explicitly considering genetic diversity in conservation planning and habitat restoration.
Genung, M., Lessard, J., Brown, C., Bunn, W., Cregger, M., Reynolds, W., Felker-Quinn, E., Stevenson, M., Hartley, A., Crutsinger, G., Schweitzer, J., & Bailey, J. (2010). Non-Additive Effects of Genotypic Diversity Increase Floral Abundance and Abundance of Floral Visitors PLoS ONE, 5 (1) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008711